This week, we are focusing on catchlights.
Catchlights are the "sparkle" you often see in a person's (or animal's) eyes in a photo. They really bring a photo to life, and eyes without catchlights just look dull. That's especially true for our animal friends, whose eyes are different than yours or mine.
With humans, the iris of the eye is relatively small. You can usually see the sclera ("the white of the eye") when someone has their eye open.
In the case of most animals, the iris makes up the majority of the visible eye. Because of this, their eyes tend to look dark, dull, and lifeless unless some light is added.
This can be ambient light--either sunlight or artificial lighting--in which case it's best to have the animal look toward the light when the photo is taken. If you are using flash, then you are almost assured of having catchlights.
How to Make Catchlights
Sometimes you just don't get a catchlight in your subject's eye. Either the lighting just didn't cooperate, or you have to replace the eye in the photo with one from another photo, and that one didn't have a catchlight.
Fortunately, catchlights are relatively easy to "manufacture" in either Lightroom or Photoshop.
(Oh, and of course, these methods work for catchlights in photos of people as well.)
Enchancing Catchlights in Lightroom
Lightroom makes it very easy to enhance or even create a catchlight.
The first option is the easy, but more expensive option. There are plenty of places on line that will sell you an adjustment brush preset for either catchlight creation or catchlight enhancement.
The second option is the cheaper, but slightly more difficult option. "Roll your own" preset for catchlights.
To do this, you need to create a custom adjustment brush. I recommend settings of Exposure +4 and Saturation -100.
You should then save this as an adjustment brush preset so you can pull it up anytime you need to make or enhance catchlights.
This will probably be too strong in many cases. What do you do then? Click on the little triangle to the right of the effect name. This will then give you a slider to adjust the strength of the effect. So you can create your catchlights, then use the slider to adjust them to your preferred strength.
As I pointed out to Sandra McCarthy in the comments, sometimes playing with the sliders individually will work better than using this "strength slider" (as I call it) since you can "mix" different ratios of the components by doing it manually.
Here's a video from Laura Shoe where she goes over this. Note she has an earlier version of Lightroom that doesn't have the strength slider.
Make or Enhance Catchlights in Photoshop
Once you have made your own catchlight brush, it's easy to add them in Lightroom.
But if you're like me, I like to do my basic edits in Lightroom then go into Photoshop for any cloning, healing, or heavy pixel adjustments. Fortunately, it's pretty easy to add catchlights in Photoshop.
All you have to do is create a blank layer over the pixel layer containing the eye(s) to which you want to add the catchlights. Using a brush with a hardness of 0%, paint in a white catchlight.
You can then move the catchlight layer or reduce its opacity as needed.
If you have any questions about either technique, leave them in the comments below and I'll answer them if I can!
So try out these methods of making catchlights the next time you need to add some to your photos. You can even leave them in the comments and let me see how they turn out!
In the meantime, check out all the other great examples of catchlights from other great photographers who are in the Project. Next up is Darlene with Pant the Town Photography serving MA and NH.